Skip to main content

Create a token fetcher

In the Zapper API, a TokenFetcher class dynamically lists a single group of AppToken typed objects. You can see more information here.

Generate a token fetcher

Our codegen utilities will automatically generate the boilerplate for a token fetcher. Run pnpm studio create-token-fetcher pickle. When prompted for the group, select jar, and when prompted for the network, select ethereum.

Create Token Fetcher

Implement the token fetcher

Let's open src/apps/pickle/ethereum/pickle.jar.token-fetcher.ts. The skeleton has been assembled for you, and you'll now need to fill in the contents of the getPositions method in the EthereumPickleJarTokenFetcher.

import { Inject } from "@nestjs/common";

import { APP_TOOLKIT } from "~app-toolkit/app-toolkit.interface";
import { PositionTemplate } from "~app-toolkit/decorators/position-template.decorator";
import { Erc20 } from "~contract/contracts";
import { AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher } from "~position/template/app-token.template.position-fetcher";
import {
} from "~position/template/app-token.template.types";

import { PickleContractFactory } from "../contracts";

export class EthereumPickleJarTokenFetcher extends AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher<Erc20> {
groupLabel: string;

@Inject(APP_TOOLKIT) protected readonly appToolkit: IAppToolkit,
protected readonly contractFactory: PickleContractFactory
) {

getContract(address: string): Erc20 {
throw new Error("Method not implemented.");

params: GetAddressesParams<DefaultAppTokenDefinition>
): string[] | Promise<string[]> {
throw new Error("Method not implemented.");

_params: GetUnderlyingTokensParams<Erc20, DefaultAppTokenDefinition>
): Promise<UnderlyingTokenDefinition[]> {
throw new Error("Method not implemented.");

_params: GetPricePerShareParams<
): Promise<number | number[]> {
throw new Error("Method not implemented.");

Firstly, notice that the class extends AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher, which provides default functionality for most of the properties described in here. You're job is to correctly implement the scaffolded abstract properties and methods (and possibly override some default functionality from the parent class as well)

Secondly, we'll note that our class is decorated with @PositionTemplate(). This decorator populates the appId, groupId, and network properties at runtime from the a conventional filepath structure as follows: src/apps/<app_id>/<network>/<app_id>.<group_id>.token-fetcher.ts.

Lastly, we'll see that the AppToolkit and PickleContractFactory have already been injected into the scope of your class. What are these? The AppToolkit provides an SDK of utilities to interact with the blockchain, retrieve base token prices, or even retrieve tokens and positions from other apps defined in Zapper. The PickleContractFactory, as explained in the previous section, builds typed instances of the contract ABIs you have in your src/pickle/contracts/abis directory.

Let's get to work!

Implement getContract

From the previous section, you should have already generated the contract factory boilerplate code to create an instance of the PickleJar typed Ethers contract instance.

We know that all Pickle Jar tokens implement this interface, so we'll replace Erc20 in the AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher generic with PickleJar.

import { PickleContractFactory, PickleJar } from "../contracts";

export class EthereumPickleJarTokenFetcher extends AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher<PickleJar> {
// ...

Next, we'll implement getContract by calling the appropriate factory method on our injected contract factory. Note that address represents the address of one of the Pickle Jar tokens.

export class EthereumPickleJarTokenFetcher extends AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher<PickleJar> {

getContract(address: string): PickleJar {
return this.contractFactory.pickleJar({ address, network: });


Implement getAddresses

Pickle provides an API endpoint that lists out all of the jar tokens across all supported networks on the Pickle application.

We'll make use of this endpoint to list out all of our tokens.

// Define a partial of the return type from the Pickle API
export type PickleVaultDetails = {
jarAddress: string;
network: string;
apy: number;

export class EthereumPickleJarTokenFetcher extends AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher<PickleJar> {

async getAddresses() {
// Retrieve pool addresses from the Pickle API
const endpoint = "";
const response = await axios.get<PickleVaultDetails[]>(endpoint);
const ethData ={ network }) => network === "eth");
const jarAddresses ={ jarAddress }) => jarAddress);
return jarAddresses;


Implement getUnderlyingTokenDefinitions

In Web3, composability is king. Tokens wrap other tokens with functionality that provides value to the owner. You may have heard the term DeFi Legos for this reason.

In the case of Pickle Finance, a user deposits a token, and receives a vault token that represents an auto-compounding balance of the deposited token. The yield is aggregated from some underlying strategy and returned to the user.

Our AppTokenPosition object represents this relationship using the tokens and pricePerShare properties. The tokens property is an array of the underlying tokens of the wrapper token, and the pricePerShare property represents the ratio between the balance of the app token and the balance of the underlying token.

For example, if a user deposits 1100 LOOKS tokens into a Pickle vault that has a pricePerShare of 1.1, the user receives 1000 pLOOKS tokens as a receipt. Conversely, on withdrawal, they would receive 1100 LOOKS tokens for burning their 1000 pLOOKS tokens.

Let's see how to retrieve this data for a Pickle jar token:

export class EthereumPickleJarTokenFetcher extends AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher<PickleJar> {

async getUnderlyingTokenDefinitions() {
return [{ address: await contract.token(), network: }];


Implement getPricePerShare

...and to continue from the previous section, let's implement the getPricePerShare method to retrieve the ratio between the app token and the underlying tokens.

export class EthereumPickleJarTokenFetcher extends AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher<PickleJar> {
// ...

async getPricePerShare({
}: GetPricePerShareParams<PickleJar, DefaultDataProps>) {
return contract.getRatio().then((v) => Number(v) / 10 ** 18);

// ...

(Optional) Implement getLabel

What do you mean bSupercrvRenWBTC isn't a user-friendly name?

Using the symbol as a token label is generally not a great solution for human readability. Instead, we define displayProps on each token that instructs how Zapper will render the token in our web and mobile applications. The developer is in full control to define a label, secondaryLabel, and optional tertiaryLabel, and images.

We can override the getLabel method to replace the default functionality, which is to show the symbol of the token. Instead, we'll show the string <underlying_token_label> Jar, like LOOKS Jar or WETH / PICKLE Jar.

export class EthereumPickleJarTokenFetcher extends AppTokenTemplatePositionFetcher<PickleJar> {
// ...

async getLabel({
}: GetDisplayPropsParams<PickleJar, DefaultDataProps>) {
return `${getLabelFromToken(appToken.tokens[0])} Jar`;

// ...

Run the application

We can now run our Pickle application integration and start manually testing some of our data. We also do not want to run all of the other apps defined in Studio. Create a .env file at the root, and update it as follows:


Now, we can run the Studio development server in the terminal with pnpm dev. If it started successfully, you can now open http://localhost:5001/apps/pickle/tokens?groupIds[]=jar&network=ethereum in your browser. Admire your completed work of art! Hooray 🎉!

This implementation works well, but it is a little naive. We have common template classes to simplify building vault tokens. Abstract templates make implementations easier and more consistent. You can see how a template class could be used for a vault in Recipes.

In the next section, we'll look into enumerating farms in the same way, with the difference being that farm positions are not tokenized.